Sunday, May 21, 2017

Historicity of Ramayan and Mahabharat by Saroj bala in GJ University of Science and Technology at Hissar 



Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Yuga cycles contd. -


Our astronomical dates of Ramayan and Mahabharat references also fit in quite well in the true interpretation of Yuga cycles, which has been given by Jaggi Vasdev JI, Sri Sri Ji, Bhagvaddutt Satyashrava Ji and many other sholars  -

Sunday, April 9, 2017

See the Kali era conjunction on 20th January, 3101 BCE, with all seven planets in Pisces -


Sunday, March 19, 2017

Archaeobotanical evidences have revealed that plants referred to in Ramayan existed in India 7000 years back, which was the period of Mid Holocene Climatic Optima with good Monsoonal rains.



Archaeological evidence of ornaments like signet ring and churamani, referred to in Ramayan, 7000 years back


After carrying out in depth research for 8 years, I have worked out sequential astronomical dates of events leading to Mahabharat war and of related events. These are also supported by scientific evidences from Archaeology, Archaeobotany, Geology, Remote sensing imagery, DNA studies etc. A Paper was posted on this blog on 19.3.2017, presenting these details.We received valuable critical comments during last three weeks. We worked on each one of these with utmost sincerity. As a result some minor corrections of great value have been made. Revised paper is now uploaded with the request that kindly indicate if this kind of astronomical date sequence of entire Mahabharat references is observed on any other dates. Dating of isolated references does not do justice to the historicity of this great Epic!


Mahabharat Retold with Scientific Evidences

SarojBala
IRS (1972 Batch), Retd. Member, CBDT
Director, Institute of scientific Research on Vedas
E-mail: sarojbala044@gmail.com

Abstract
Entire ancient history, revealed through Vedas and Epics, is capable of being re-constructed scientifically with accuracy by making use of modern scientific tools and technologies, which include planetarium software. The astronomical references of Rigveda could be observed in the sky between 7000 BCE and 5000 BCE, whereas those of Ramayan could be observed sequentially around 5100 BCE. The astronomical references of Mahabharat pertain to the sky views observed sequentially between 3153 BCE and 3102 BCE. For arriving at these dates, following approach & methodology were adopted –

·      More than one lakh slokas contained in nine volumes of Mahabharat (Parimal Publications) were scrutinized and astronomical references were extracted sequentially. Only those which were found in Critical Edition as well were identified for sequential dating. All translations were redone with the help of Sanskrit scholars and referring to dictionaries as some of the traditional translations were found to be not fully correct.

·      Astronomical references from Sabha parva, VanaParva, UdyogParva, BhismaParva, ShalyaParva, Shanti Parva, and MausalParva have been dated sequentially by making use of Planetarium software (Fogware). The internal consistency of astronomical dates with the text of Mahabharta was ensured. Astronomical dates calculated by almost all the scholars during last 130 years were analysed with respect and genuine efforts were made to provide the missing links and to make the dating more comprehensive.

·      VanaParva of Mahabharat reveals that in Mahabharat days asterisms were being counted from Rohini as equinox was on that.  Astronomically there is precession of equinox by one degree in 72 years. Today Spring equinox is in 3rd quarter of PurvaBhadrapad Asterism; thus equinox has moved by more than 5.25 naksatras (Krttika, Bharani, Asvini, Revati, and Uttara Bhadrapada) since this reference in Mahabharata. This means that more than 5040 years (960 X 5.25) have passed. This took our research period for dating of Mahabharata references to 4000 BC – 3000 BC).

·      A more accurate translation of all the relevant slokas of chapters 2 and 3 of BhishmaParva, had enabled such accurate depiction of sequential sky views, which should be able to set at rest all controversies regarding the dating of Mahabharat war. Sky view of 19th December, 3139 BC, depicting Magh Shukla Saptami, a day before Bhishma’s demise and of September 14, 3139 BC, depicting all astronomical references of BhishmaParva observed six hours before solar eclipse of Kartik month are most exclusive, which do not get repeated on any other date; not even around 3067 BC, 1792 BC or 1472 BC.

Eleven sequential sky views covering a period of 52 years from 3153 BC to 3101 BC have been generated, using planetarium software (Fogware), which exactly match the descriptions in Mahabharat, are internally consistent and sequentially accurate. Evidences from archaeology, archaeobotany, palynology, oceanography, remote sensing and genetic studies have corroborated this date sequence of events recorded in Mahabharat. The kingdoms which supported Pandavas and Kauravas during Mahabharat war, have been plotted on the Map, which reveals that entire Greater India was involved in this war. This map also certifies the existence of Bharatvarsha as a Nation with defined boundaries for more than 5000 Years.

List of some important sequential sky views generated along with the dates on which these are recorded as observed at the time of important events narrated in Mahabharat is given below. The list contains dates of Planetarium and Stellarium Skyviews and relevant references of Mahabharat text. References are from ‘Mahabharat’ of Parimal Prakashan (2008 Edition) translated by M N Dutt, edited by Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma and Dr. O N Bimali; all these are also included in critical edition ‘The Mahabharat’ by Vishnu S. Sukthankar. The reasons for certain discrepancies like observation of Solar Eclipse during night time or difference of 26 days in Stellarium and Planetarium skyviews have been given below this list.

Dates of Planetarium and Stellarium depicting the same skyviews
Astronomical Reference in Mahabharat
Description of Event at the time of Sky view
Planetarium:
Nov. 18, 3153 BCE, 23:50 hrs. / Hastinapur (Meerut)

Stellarium:
Dec. 15, 3153 BCE, 01:42 hrs.
Mahabharat
Sabha Parva
2/80/29
Solar eclipse observed when Pandavas were
 leaving Hastinapur for 13 years of exile after losing in
the game of dice. War started after 14 years appx.
Planetarium:
Aug. 31, 3139 BCE, 11:10 hrs. / Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Sep. 27, 3139 BCE, 12:42 hrs./ Hastinapur
Bhishmaparva 6/2/23




Lunar eclipse on first Purnima of Kartik Month, followed by solar eclipse within 14 days; foreboding widespread destruction before war       
Planetarium:
Sep. 14, 3139 BCE
22:15 hrs. / Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Oct. 11, 3139 BCE,
01:50 hrs / Hastinapur
Bhishmaparva 6/2/23 & 6/3/28-32
Near Solar eclipse observed within 14 days of lunar eclipse in Kartik month. There was tithikshaya on 12th September as on 11th September phase difference between the positions of Sun and Moon becoming integral of multiple of 12 at the time of Sunrise on Ekadashi ie.e 11th September was 10.902 whereas on next day it was 12.08. Thus there was tithikshaya of dwadashi and next day was tryodashi. On next Amavasya of Margshisha month, Mahabharat war actually started.
Planetarium:
Sept. 14, 3139 BCE
18:20 hrs. / Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Oct. 10, 3139 BCE,
19:50 hrs / Hastinapur

Bhishmaparva. 6/3/14 -18

On 14th September, almost all the positions of stars and planets, described in chapter 3 of BhishmaParva, could be observed in the sky. Mars entering its own house Aries in Vakragati, Saturn in Scorpius is afflicting 10thconstellation Uttarphalguni in Leo.Venus in Virgo is aspectingPoorvaBhadrapad and Uttarbhadrapad in seventh constellation Pisces. Both Sun and Moon in Scorpious are afflicting Rohini in Taurus, Venus is between Chitra and Swati whereas Shrawan is going around Shrawan in Brahmrashi i.e. Capricornus.

Planetarium:
Sep. 25, 3139 BCE, 6:10 hrs. Dwarka

Stellarium:
Oct. 22. 3139 BCE, 00:30 hrs.
UdyogParva 5/83/6-7
Lord Krishna leaves for last peace mission in Kartika month, RevatiNakshtra. He leaves from Dwarka and takes about three days to reach Hastinapur.
Planetarium:
Oct. 3. 3139 BC, 6:10 hrs. /
Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Oct. 30, 3139 BC, 5:30 hrs
ShalyaParva 9/34/5-6,
After failure of Krishna’s peace mission, Balram leaves
for pilgrimage in PushyaNakshtra. 3-4 days later, Krishna tells Karna that war could begin on next Amavasya.
Oct. 13, 3139 BCE, 8:30 hrs. / Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Nov. 9, 3139 BCE, 6:15 hrs
UdyogParva
5/142/17-18
Shri Krishna imparts Gita-updesh to Arjun. This is Amavasya after 13 days of last Kartik Purnima, moon near Jyeshta, which is presided over by Lord Indra (Scorpius / vrishchika). War started after the failure of Sri Krishan’s last peace mission.
Nov. 14, 3139 BCE 06:50 hrs. / Kurukshetra

Stellarium:
Dec. 10, 3139 BCE, 06:15 hrs
ShalyaParva  9/34/5-7
With Shalya’s fall war came to an end on 31st October. Duryodhan went into hiding in Dvaipayana lake. Pandavas could locate him only after 12-13 days. Balram comes back after 42 days in ShravanaNakshatra. Duryodhana gets killed in Gadayuddha  with Bhim
Dec. 19, 3139 BCE
07:20 hrs. / Kurukshetra

Stellarium:
Jan 14, 3138 BCE, 15:00 hrs
AnushasanParva 13/167/26-28
Occurrence of Winter Solstice on Magh Shukla Saptmi. Next day on Magh Ashtami was Bhishma’s demise. This was 68th day after beginning of the war on 13thOct.
March 3, 3102 BCE 10:30 hrs. / Dwarka

Stellarium:
March 29, 3102 BCE 14:35 hrs.
Mausalaparva 16/2/18-19
Solar Eclipse on 13th tithi after Purnima  again in the 36th year of war indicating; annihilation of Yadavas and destruction of Dwarka, proving Gandhari’s curse true
Jan. 20, 3101 BC 9:15 hrs / New Delhi

Stellarium:
Feb. 15, 3101 BC 15:00 hrs
Sabha Parva 2/1//19-91;

Dasagitika/3
Spectacular assemblage of Sun, Moon & Five Planets around Aries when Kali era Began 37 years after the Mahabharat war

{[Note: Readers may ask a very pertinent question: why lunar eclipses are being shown during day time whereas solar eclipses are being depicted during night time when Sun is not even above the horizon. NASA has provided a very convincing answer to this question (https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEhelp/uncertainty2004.html). NASA Eclipse Skyguide has given chart of uncertainties in DeltaT i.e. ΔT, clearly stating that there are bound to be inaccuracies in depicting the timings and longitudes of eclipse paths which occurred prior to 1600 CE. Based on the chart prepared by Morrison and Stephenson, a series of parabolic expressions have been derived, estimating uncertainties of time or in the longitudes of eclipse paths which occurred during the interval 2000 BCE to 3000 CE.

Table 3 - Uncertainty of ΔT (estimated)
Year
σ
Longitude

(seconds)

-4000
16291
67.9°
-3500
12378
51.6°
-3000
8978
37.4°
-2500
6094
25.4°
-2000
3732
15.6°
-1500
1900
7.9°
-1000
622
2.6°

Thus an eclipse which occurred 4000 years back, the software could depict the same up to time difference of 16291 seconds i.e. 11: 31 hrs. Thus solar eclipses of Mahabharat times listed above, which software is depicting during night time, might have actually been observed during the day time and lunar eclipses listed above in daytime, might have been actually been observed during night time. DeltaT is the difference between Terrestrial Time and Universal Time (Rotational time), which have been adopted as fixed as per certain norms. However, actually the Universal time can vary on several occasions due to several factors like earthquakes, high tides, volcanic eruptions etc.

SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System has also recorded the observations that Moon displays oscillations from two unknown sources, one within a period between 250-300 years with a co-efficient of 15” to 20” and the other within a period between 60 to 70 years with a co-efficient of some 3”. These and many other factors, like the mean latitude of the Moon may not be zero, might lead to differences in observations of eclipses recorded thousands of years back and theoretical recordings based on fixed and pre-determined parameters. Therefore it is possible that Solar Eclipse on 14th September, 3139 BCE was actually observed at that time, but the software displays the Moon going from near the Sun.


It will not be out of place to mention that Stellarium displays all these skyviews 26 Days later (+/- one day). This difference is due to non adjustment of 1 day for 131 years for pre-Gregorian reform period (3425/131=26) by Planetarium software.]}




Saturday, September 24, 2016

Honorary Ph.D. to Mrs. Saroj Bala, Director, I-SERVE

For sincere and in-depth scientific research on the project titled, “Cultural Continuity from Rigveda to Robotics through Sky simulations of Astronomical References and Supporting Scientific Evidences”, the Director of I-SERVE, Mrs. Saroj Bala was awarded the degree of Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) by Guru Jambeshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar. During the same Convocation, this degree was awarded to Shri Suresh P. Prabhu, Minister of Railways, Govt. of India. Some pictures are attached along with the Citation.
Coverage by PR Haryana

Haryana Governor Prof. Kaptan Singh Solanki conferring Ph.D. degree on Director, I-SERVE Smt. Saroj Bala
Coverage by 'The Pioneer'
Coverage by 'The Tribune'
Coverage by 'Business Standard'

Smt. Saroj Bala: Director, I-SERVE; Sh. Suresh Prabhu, Railway Minister; and Haryana Governor Prof. Kaptan Singh Solanki after the faculty precession


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CITATION FOR CONFERRING
THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF SCIENCE
(HONORIS CAUSA)

ON

SMT. SAROJ BALA

ON THE OCCASION OF
FOURTH CONVOCATION


GURU JAMBHESHWAR UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, HISAR
(SEPTEMBER 22, 2016)

Esteemed Mr. Chancellor
It is indeed a matter of great honour for the fraternity of Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar that a degree of Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) (Honoris Causa) is being conferred on Smt. Saroj Bala. She is presently working as the Director of the Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas (I-SERVE). For more than seven years, she has been working as the Chief Research Co-ordinator of the Research project titled ‘Determining Cultural Continuity from Rigveda to Robotics through sky simulations of astronomical references and supporting scientific evidences’. This involves extraction, translation and sequential dating of astronomical references in ancient Sanskrit literature, particularly in Rigveda, Valmiki Ramayan and Mahabharat, by making use of Planetarium software; establishing co-relation of such astronomical dates with ecological, archaeological, palaeobotanic, anthropological, oceanographic and remote sensing evidences for scientific reconstruction of the history of our ancient culture and civilization.
Smt. Saroj Bala has authored the books entitled:
1. Historicity of Vedic and Ramayan Eras: Scientific Evidences from the Depths of Oceans to the Heights of Skies”
2. वैदिक युग एवं रामायण काल की ऐतिहासिकता:समुद्र की गहराइयों सेआकाश की ऊँचाइयों तक के वैज्ञानिक प्रमाण”. Through these books, she has proved that sky views of planetary references in Valmiki Ramayan could be observed sequentially around 5100 BC and carbon dating of artefacts excavated from several sites also considers these more than 7000 years old. Books authored by her under the titles: ‘Ramayan Retold with scientific Evidences’ and ‘रामायण की कहानी - विज्ञान की जुबानीare already with the publisher.
Because of her sincerity, dedication and persistence, she finally succeeded in determining the true astronomical dates of Mahabharat references, which are likely to set at rest all controversies relating to dates of Mahabharat war. At present she is busy writing her next book, “Mahabharat Retold with Scientific Evidences” which will include eleven sequential sky views generated by using Planetarium software, covering a period of 52 years from 3153 BC to 3101 BC, which exactly match the descriptions in Mahabharat with the date of war falling in the year 3139 BC.
It may be highlighted here that Smt. Saroj Bala is neither an astrophysicist nor an archaeologist, neither an oceanographer nor a space scientist, neither a geologist nor a DNA scientist. In fact she is not from the science background; however for last more than twenty years, she has been studying and analysing original scientific research reports from all these disciplines. She is of the firm view that true and exact dates of events/references in Vedas and Epics can be determined by making use of the latest scientific tools and technologies. She also believes that solution to many of the problems, which India is facing today, lies in writing a pure scientific history, using pure scientific tools and correlating pure scientific research reports. Smt. Saroj Bala remains fully dedicated to this national cause and voluntarily renders services in co-ordinating this kind of multi-disciplinary scientific research activity, which will help carry forward the mission of scientifically determining the antiquity and continuity of our cultural heritage and of uniting different castes, communities and regions of India.
It is my profound privilege to mention that Smt. Saroj Bala has done M.A. in Political Science and holds a degree in LLB. She belongs to 1972 batch of Indian Revenue Service and was the First Lady Officer in the history of Income Indian Revenue Service to be adjudged as the ‘Best All Round Officer’ at National Academy of Direct Taxes. She worked as Joint Commissioner, Additional Commissioner, Commissioner and Chief Commissioner of Income Tax at various locations in India. She had retired as Member of Central Board of Direct Taxes in 2009.
For last seven years, she has dedicated herself with a missionary spirit to proving scientifically that Ramayan and Mahabharat are our true historical and cultural heritage, Dravidians and north Indians share their genetic profile and that Vedas contain some valuable knowledge of scientific discoveries and technologies. Therefore, in recognition of her contribution to the field of science and technology, research capabilities,  administrative accomplishments and above all for her service to the spirit of nationalism, Mr. Chancellor, Sir, I present to you Smt. Saroj Bala and request you to confer upon her the degree of D.Sc. (Honoris Causa) of Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar.

                                                                                                Prof. Tankeshwar Kumar
                                                                                                Vice-Chancellor
Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar
Forth Convocation

September 22, 2016

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

A one day international conference was organized by I-SERVE (Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas) on 16th July in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi on the subject “Chronology of Indian Culture since the Beginning of Holocene through Scientific Evidences”. More than 25 leading scientists from all over India participated in the conference and presented the latest research work being carried out by organizations like Archaeological Survey of India, ISRO, National Institute of Oceanography, Birbal Sahni Institute of Paleosciences, Anthropology Survey of India, Himalayan Institute of Glaciology, Deccan College, Hisar University and Kurukshetra University.
With the trashing of Aryan Invasion Theory as mythology based on linguistic guesswork, it has become an important challenge for academia to prepare an accurate chronology of the world’s oldest and biggest civilization that had flourished in the Indian sub-continent. With the advent of superior scientific tools and technologies for mapping, excavating and dating the early human settlements, there is a need to run a parallel and multi-disciplinary scientific platform for drawing conclusions about the Indus - Saraswati - Gangetic civilization. Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas has taken up this task of creating a platform for researchers from 10 different sciences to contribute inputs and then identify as well as correlate common and credible conclusions.

This work has led to some ground-breaking achievements, ranging from dating of Vedic hymns and references in Ramayan and Mahabharat to mapping of geographical features and human settlements since the beginnings of Holocene (10,000 BC to present). Mrs. SarojBala (Director, I-SERVE and a retired IRS officer) has proposed the writing of scientific history based on purely scientific evidences without any correlation with traditional history. According to her, latest mapping of Sarasvati River course, correlation of submerged and re-emerged settlements with sea level curve, excavations at Mehrgarh, Rakhigarhi and Lahuradeva and latest genetic studies of Indians populations, should all be correlated in the books reconstructing new scientific chronology of our cultural heritage, so that it does not get lost in endless controversies. In the words of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, such scientific history would push back antiquity of Indian Culture by a few millennia (to 7000 BC), could help unite all Indians and generate shared pride in our rich ancient heritage!

Here is an introductory video on the kind of work I-SERVE is pursuing.

Photograph of I-SERVE Conference - 16th July
Group photograph of attendees