Saturday, December 30, 2017

Cultural Continuity since Vedic and Epic Eras 1st Nov 2014

I - SERVE

Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas
(Recognised as SIRO by DSIR & notified u/s 35(1) (ii) of Income Tax Act)
www.serveveda.org / sarojbala.blogspot.in

I-SERVE, Delhi Chapter                                                                   sarojbala044@gmail.com                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                               
Conference-cum-workshop
on
"CULTURAL CONTINUITY SINCE VEDIC AND EPIC ERAS:
SCIENTIFIC RECONSTRUCTION OF THE HISTORY OF HOLOCENE PERIOD"
(In CSOI Conference Room on 1st November, 2014)

     Program details (9:15 AM to 6 PM) - 9:15 to 9:30 - Registration

Inaugural Session (9:30-11:00 AM) -
Presided over by Dr. Sonal Mansingh (Padma Vibhushan) and Inaugural address by Prof. Y. Sudershan Rao, Chairman, ICHR

·      Welcome Address - by Shri K V Krishnamurthy, Chairman, I-SERVE (20 minutes)
   Presentation link- 
·      Theme of the Subject: An overview - Smt. Saroj Bala, Director, I-SERVE, Delhi Chapter (20 minutes) Presentation link- 
·      Inaugural address - Prof. Y. Sudershan Rao, Chairman, Indian Council of Historical  Research
·      Presidential remarks and throwing light on the subject 'Evolvement of Music and Dance since Vedic Times - Dr. Sonal Mansingh (Padma Vibhushan), Founder-President, Centre for Indian Classical Dances 

11:00 to 11:20 -Refreshment Tea

·      Astronomical Dates of References in Vedas and Epics with Special Emphasis on Mahabharata: A brief overview - Sh. Ashok Bhatnagar, Technical Director, I-SERVE (30 minutes) Presentation link- 
·        Antiquity and Continuity of Vedic Civilization - Dr. Kapil Kapoor, Eminent Author, Scholar and Linguist & Ex Pro V.C., JNU. (20 minutes)
·        Succession of Cultures in Indian Subcontinent leading to Harappan Civilization: Input from Archaeology - Dr. R. S. Bisht (Padma Shri), Excavator of Dholavira and Banawali and Retd. Joint DG, ASI (20 minutes) Presentation Link-  
·        Origin & Development of Harappan Cultures in Sarasvati Valley from 8th to 2nd millennium BC: Recent Archaeological Evidences - Shri K.N. Dikshit(15 minutes) Presentation Link- 
·        Historicity and Dates of Vedas and Epics: Display through Exhibition in Shivaji Maharaj Museum of Indian History, Pune - by Francois Gautier (15 minutes) Presentation Link- 

Contd...2..
·        Use of Planetariums for Spreading Awareness about the Astronomical Dates of Ancient Events by Dr. Piyush Pandey, Former Director, Nehru Planetarium, Mumbai and Jawahar Planetarium, Allahabad (20 minutes) Presetation Link- 

13:15 to 14:15 - Lunch

·        Chronology of Ancient Sanskrit Literature with Special Emphasis on Rich Resource Material on Different Aspects of the Subject - Dr. Divya Tripathi, Head, Sanskrit Department, DAV Centenary College, Faridabad (15 minutes)
·        Traditions of Yoga since Ancient Times and their Scientific Relevance - Dr. Ishwar V. Basavaraddi, Director, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga (15 minutes) Presentation Link- 
·        Continuity of Indian Chemistry and Alchemy since Vedic Times - Dr. Suryanarayana, Chief Scientist (Retd.), CSIR/IICT, Hyderabad (15 minutes) Presentation Link- 
·        Vedic Astro Meteorology from Ancient era to Modern age - Dr. G. V. Rama,  Senior Scientist, ISRO, Hyderabad (15 minutes) Presentation Link- 
·        Indigenous knowledge / Native Modernity - Prof. Shrawan K. Sharma, Gurukul Kangri University, Haridwar (15 minutes)
·        The Saraswati River System, its Revival and the latest Developments - Shri Prashant Bhardwaj, President, Saraswati Nadi Shodh Sansthan, Delhi (15 minutes) Presentation Link- 

·        16:30 to 16:45 - Refreshment Tea
·        New data and perceptions of ancient history worldwide: need for rediscovering Vedic Civilisation - Shri Come Carpentier (10 minutes)
·        Socio religious influence of Vedic civilization on the ancient Mesopotamian civilisation"- Shri Madhukar Bhagat, IRS, Reputed Author and Speaker (10 minutes)
·        Broadening the Institutional Base and Associating More People with Scientific Research on Ancient Indian Civilization - Smt. Poonam Saxena, Former Chairman, CBDT (10 minutes)
·        A few words of knowledge and wisdom from DR. B R Mani and other participants.
·        Wrap up by Saroj Bala
·        Valedictory Address by Shri David Frawley (Vamdev Shastri)

Summary of the proceedings of the Conference- View Full Summary



Sunday, May 21, 2017

Rigveda to Robotics, 3-4 Feb, 2016 Hisar

Historicity of Ramayan and Mahabharat by Saroj bala in GJ University of Science and Technology at Hissar 


CULTURAL CONTINUITY FROM
RIGVEDA TO ROBOTICS  Full PPT Link



Addressed By
Prof. Kaptan Singh Solanki, Honrable 
Governor of Haryana


         I - SERVE
                   Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas
                 (Recognised as SIRO by DSIR & notified u/s 35(1) (ii) of Income Tax Act)
           www.serveveda.org / sarojbala.blogspot.in
           

EXHIBITION AND SEMINAR IN GJU ON
CULTURAL CONTINUITY FROM RIGVEDA TO ROBOTICS
(SKY VIEWS OF ASTRONOMICAL REFERENCES & SUPPORTING SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCES) 
(A brief report)

This unique Exhibition was put up by I-SERVE Delhi Chapter on 3-4 February, 2016 in Guru Jambeshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, Haryana in order to showcase the outcomes of multi-disciplinary scientific research carried out for more than 12 years for the benefit of students and teachers of modern sciences. The Exhibition was unveiled by Prof. Kaptan Singh Solanki, Honrable Governor of Haryana.

For the Seminar, invited lecture on the subject was delivered by Smt. Saroj Bala, Director of I-SERVE Delhi Chapter. Dr Ankit Agarwal, advisor of I-SERVE Delhi Chapter delivered a talk on ‘Story of Saraswati through Scientific Evidences’. Special address was delivered by Dr Tankeshwar Kumar Ji, Hon’ble Vice chancellor of GJU, who was the moving force behind this event. Honorable Governor delivered the valedicory address. He whole heartedly appreciated the quality and output of research undertaken by Saroj Bala and the team of scientists from I-SERVE Delhi Chapter.

The theme of the Exhibition put up on 3-4 February, 2016 in the beautiful Arch-gallery of GJU auditorium complex and the theme of the talk delivered by Smt. Saroj Bala, Director of I-SERVE Delhi Chapter in the 2000 seater state-of-the art Auditorium of GJU are summarised as under –

·        The latest scientific research reports have proved that indigenous civilisation has been developing in India for last 10,000 years. Vedas contain references of the sky views which could be observed around 9000 - 7000 BP, Ramayana refers to the sky views seen sequentially around 7000 BP, whereas those of Mahabharata could be observed around 5000 BP. On display were the sky views, generated by using Planetarium software, starting with the one observed at the time of birth of Lord Ram in 5114 BC, matching exactly the description given in Valmiki Ramayan. All subsequent sky observations of important events in the life of Lord Ram reveal perfect chronological matching.

·        On display in the Exhibition, were the sky views generated by using Planetarium soft ware, which match the references in Mahabharata sequentially right from the date of departure of Pandavas for thirteen years of exile, after they lost everything in the game of Dice in 3153 BC, to the sequential events leading to Mahabharata war in 3139 BC and thereafter right up to the solar eclipse seen from Dwarka before it submerged 36 years after Mahabharata war in 3102 BC.

·        These astronomical dates of references in Rigveda, Ramayana and Mahabharata are corroborated by oceanographic, archaeological, geological, remote sensing, paleobotanical, ecological and anthropological evidences. Various exhibits displayed provided pictorial glimpse of such scientific evidences. The archaeological evidences displayed were in form of utensils, ornaments, weapons, plants and infrastructure etc. All these support the astronomical dates of references in these scriptures.

·        On display in the exhibition was the map showing more than 150 places visited by Shri Ram during his exile. One could look at the picture of Kutumsar caves in Dandak vana; the carbon dating of grains found from there considers these as 7000 years old!  Also on display was the map showing kingdoms and tribes which participated in Mahabharat war; these extended from Gandhar in Afghanistan to Trikut in Sri Lanka and from Lauhitya (Arunachal Pradesh) in the East to Dwarka in the West! Was it not Greater Bharatvarsha!

·        Some rare pictures of Ramsetu were on display with proof that it was at the walkable level around 7000 years back. Put on show was the pictorial display of the eventful journey of remote past revealing how and when Ganga became the most venerated holy river of India in place of Saraswati!

·        The geneology charts of the Suryavanshi rulers, containing names of 63 predecessors and 59 successors of Lord Ram were on display. These were corroborated by the latest DNA studies, particularly of Ramayan tribes, revealing genetic continuity of civilsed populations for more than 10000 years in India and common genetic heritage of Dravidians, North Indians and Tribes in which there has been no inflow during last 10000 years but there has been outflow, giving a final burial to Aryan Invasion Theory.

·        There are larger number of scientific discoveries and lesser number of inventions recorded in Vedic and post-Vedic literature. Some such discoveries were also showcased. References to various discoveries of Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Astronomy, Mathematics, Environmental Sciences etc. were described in greater detail during presentation by Saroj Bala.
Dr. Tankeshwar Kumar, Vice Chancellor of GJU impressed the audience with his deep knowledge on the subject combined with lead from the front attitude in taking a lead on the subject of Modern Sciences in ancient Vedic and Post-Vedic literature. He said that –

·        The intensive and extensive scientific research, which has gone behind this Exhibition and Seminar on ‘Cultural Continuity from Rigveda to Robotics’ has proved that Rigveda was composed more than 9000 years back and there has been cultural continuity since then.

·        Ancient scholars and rishi-munis of ancient India had such profound knowledge of astronomy and of methods of time reckoning that modern scientific tools are establishing their precision and reliability. We need to know all that in greater details for our own benefit.

·        Dr. Tankeshwar Kumar, Vice Chancellor of GJU appreciated the initiative taken by Mrs. Saroj Bala and her Institute I-SERVE. He requested that various science departments of GJU could take initiative in correlating and carrying forward ancient knowledge of modern sciences. He also endorsed the idea of having co-guides from faculty of sciences with Sanskrit scholars of Department of Religious Studies of GJU.

Prof. Kaptan Singh Solanki, Honrable Governor of Haryana lauded the efforts put in by Smt Saroj Bala and appreciated the achievements of Team I-SERVE. Some extracts from his speech are  –

·        The evidences displayed through this exhibition and presented during the Seminar are so convincing and credible that it may not be possible to say any more that Ramayana and Mahabharata are mythology. It has been proved that these contain references to true events of the remote past; the true dates of these events can be determined by making use of modern scientific tools.

·        Full fledged efforts need to be made so as to reach the information revealed through this Exhibition and Seminar to largest number of people all over India; rather all over the world. He assured support from Haryana in this field.


During this Exhibition, one could watch the video recording of address by late Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, most admired ex-President of India, talking about such indigenous development of civilisation, relating the Ramayana references to 7000 BP and extolling the achievements of India in remote past! An extract is as under-

            “Vedic and post-Vedic literature has a tremendous amount of scientific knowledge which will be extremely beneficial to humanity. For creating a faith in these documents, there is a need to establish the date of occurrence of Vedas and Upanishads which are contained in our mythology, so that they are transformed into historical events and not imaginary mythological events…….

            If we look at the study on scientific dating of Ramayana, the important aspect about the Ramayana is that when Valmiki wrote the epic, he made it with many proofs. He packed so much information about the various planetary positions of those days, the geography of the areas mentioned in the epic, the seasonal events, and about the genealogy of various kings that it is virtually a no-brainer to establish the dates on which those events occurred.

            Astronomical calculation, making use of planetarium software, have proved that events narrated in Valamiki Ramayana actually occurred around 7000 years back and they can be sequentially dated. Ramasetu is found submerged at the same location as is described in Valamiki Ramayana and the city of Dwarka has been explored by marine archeology wing of Govt of India….

            As per the estimate made by the Inter-Governmental panel on Climate Change (NASA, Global Change Master Directory), the rise in the sea level during the last 7000 years has been about 2.8 meters which roughly corresponds to 9.3 feet. The remains of Rama Sethu are found submerged nearly at a depth of 9-10 feet. Thus, obviously this bridge was capable of being used as a land route 7000 years back. This is the only existing evidence on manmade bridge so many thousands of years back…

            It is essential that our researchers launch a mission-oriented program in an integrated way by earth science, geological science, remote sensing and space scientists, oceanography and climate change teams and the people who are engaged in construction under the sea….

            The spoken language period as per Prof. Tobias is around 10000 years old and the birth of Rama based on the 9th thithi of Chaitra month dates to 10th January in 5114 BC, that is 7117 years back. We need to establish the relationship between the birth of spoken language and the evolution of Valmiki Ramayana.…. I am happy that through the use of modern technology, the perception of Indian Archaeology has changed and has facilitated the researchers to prove an indigenous origin of civilization in the Indian Sub continent. This is an important factor which should work as an integrator of the entire nation since all of us have come into this land from the same ancestors and roots.”

            Almost all the visitors, teachers and students showed deep interest and made extremely positive and encouraging comments about the Exhibition as well as the Seminar. A Quiz Program on the subject was conducted on 4th February, in which more than 250 students had participated. These students showed keen interest, displayed good knpwledge of the subject and consequently won many prizes during this Quiz Program.

Formal and informal interaction with the faculty members of GJU revealed that some of them were really interested in unearthing and connecting the scientific knowledge of ancient India with modern sciences in certain selected areas with the following objectives –
1. Make our rightful claim over the scientific theories and discoveries made by us e.g. in subjects of astronomy, metallurgy and medicine. Write the true history of sciences by keeping future needs in mind.
2. Take up individual research in selected science subjects; starting from ancient knowledge, its development in modern times and identifying the scope for carrying the research to logical conclusion by working on an identified component in the best interest of mankind e.g. one or two out of 121 surgical instruments listed in Charak Samhita or a weapon for making crowds unconscious (without killing), described in Mahabharata, may still have the potential of being developed.

            Some of the research subjects in which faculty members of GJU appeared to be prima facie interested are-

·        Deptt. of Mathematics – Ancient Indian knowledge of Arithmetic, Algebra and Geometry; comparison of their dating with dates of modern knowledge and identifying and developing some ancient concepts for modern use.
·        Research based on excavations of Sarasvati sites in Haryana e.g. crops of those times and their present day potential, various human and plant diseases of ancient times and metallurgy.
·        Department of Biomedical Engineering– Surgical instruments (121 appx.) described in Sushruta Samhita, their correlation with modern surgical instruments, identification and development of those which are still not being made/used.
·        Faculty of Medical Sciences; Applied Psychology – Holistic Healing (including mind and body) in past, its need in modern times and developing a model for future based on ancient knowledge.
·        Faculty of Medical Sciences; Physiotherapy – Tracing the history of Yoga with credible dating, developing a model for future by integrating some inputs from modern physiotherapy.
·        Writing the history of various sciences, taking very specific subjects – these projects can be done jointly with inputs from Sanskrit scholars who have scientific mindset. Dr. Bishnoi, Chairperson of Deptt of Religious Studies, has already been collecting such information and fully supports the idea.
·        Preparing comprehensive list of Sanskrit manuscripts (their number is in lacs), lying in foreign countries and getting the list of those which contain ancient knowledge of sciences made with a short description.

            Deep interest was also shown by print and electronic media and I-SERVE team felt encouraged with the positive coverage from them as they generally endorsed the authenticity as well as the credibility of the theme of the exhibition and trustworthiness of the contents of its exhibits. Many newspapers / magazines covered the news of this unique exhibition. Some of the links are as under -

            This Exhibition and this Seminar were based on research carried out by I-SERVE Delhi Chapter and its Director Smt Saroj Bala for more than 12 years on “Determining Cultural Continuity since Vedic and Epic Eras: through Sequential Dating of Astronomical References and other Corroborating Scientific Evidences”. First seminar, covering Rigvedic and Ramayan eras, with the title, "Scientific Dating of Ancient Events before 2000 BC:…" was organized in Delhi on 30-31 July, 2011. The inaugural address was delivered by late Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, who has been the source of inspiration behind this research.

Thereafter the book titled, “Historicity of Vedic and Ramayan Eras: Scientific Evidences from the Depths of Oceans to the Heights of Skies” was published, which was released in August, 2012. Positive reviews were published in several journals and newspapers. It was also covered and appreciated by ZEE news on 25-26 August, 2012 through comprehensive coverage during primetime. Hindi version was published with the title वैदिक युग एवं रामायण काल की ऐतिहासिकता In January, 2013.

Second International Seminar with the theme, “Determining cultural continuity since Vedic and Epic Eras”, was held on 23 - 24 February, 2014 in Delhi, for which inaugural address was delivered by hon’ble Dr Karan Singh. The summary, along with some pictures, have been uploaded on http://sarojbala.blogspot.in/

After making many more intense efforts for dating of Mahabharat, an Exhibition titled ‘Cultural Continuity from Rigveda to Robotics’ was put up in lalit kala Akademi, New Delhi on 17-23 September, 2015, which was inaugurated by Dr Mahesh Sharma, Minister of Culture. It was widely appreciated and covered by print and electronic media. Many details and exhibits have been uploaded on http://sarojbala.blogspot.in/

 Some of the videos covering our research and seminars held in the past can be watched on Youtube, some of the links are given here - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3u4EC1ePFok

http://www.vifindia.org/transcription...


Watch: Lord Shri Ram's time machine test only on Zee News at 8 pm (December, 2014)

Ramayana, reality or myth: Watch Lord Shri Ram's time machine test Part 1
Ramayana, reality or myth: Watch Lord Shri Ram's time machine test-Part 2

Our books available on flipkart.com and Amazon.in - pay cash on delivery
http://www.flipkart.com/historicity-v...
           
           
We do believe that a worthwhile beginning of research on the lines, as desired by late Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, will be made in GJU. We are confident that as a result all Indians, irrespective of their caste and religion, will be able to enjoy shared pride in their rich cultural heritage, which has also come in the form of scientific knowledge! The most striking feature about the faculty, students and management of your University was their patriotic spirit and their keen desire to know about the antiquity and richness of our ancient scientific knowledge!



Saroj Bala, IRS (retd. Member, CBDT)
Director, Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas,
C-6/302, The Legend, Sector 57, Gurgaon - 122011
Mob: 9958008787 / sarojbala044@gmail.com



Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Yuga cycles contd. -


Our astronomical dates of Ramayan and Mahabharat references also fit in quite well in the true interpretation of Yuga cycles, which has been given by Jaggi Vasdev JI, Sri Sri Ji, Bhagvaddutt Satyashrava Ji and many other sholars  -

Sunday, April 9, 2017

See the Kali era conjunction on 20th January, 3101 BCE, with all seven planets in Pisces -


Sunday, March 19, 2017

Archaeobotanical evidences have revealed that plants referred to in Ramayan existed in India 7000 years back, which was the period of Mid Holocene Climatic Optima with good Monsoonal rains.



Archaeological evidence of ornaments like signet ring and churamani, referred to in Ramayan, 7000 years back


After carrying out in depth research for 8 years, I have worked out sequential astronomical dates of events leading to Mahabharat war and of related events. These are also supported by scientific evidences from Archaeology, Archaeobotany, Geology, Remote sensing imagery, DNA studies etc. A Paper was posted on this blog on 19.3.2017, presenting these details.We received valuable critical comments during last three weeks. We worked on each one of these with utmost sincerity. As a result some minor corrections of great value have been made. Revised paper is now uploaded with the request that kindly indicate if this kind of astronomical date sequence of entire Mahabharat references is observed on any other dates. Dating of isolated references does not do justice to the historicity of this great Epic!


Mahabharat Retold with Scientific Evidences

SarojBala
IRS (1972 Batch), Retd. Member, CBDT
Director, Institute of scientific Research on Vedas
E-mail: sarojbala044@gmail.com

Abstract
Entire ancient history, revealed through Vedas and Epics, is capable of being re-constructed scientifically with accuracy by making use of modern scientific tools and technologies, which include planetarium software. The astronomical references of Rigveda could be observed in the sky between 7000 BCE and 5000 BCE, whereas those of Ramayan could be observed sequentially around 5100 BCE. The astronomical references of Mahabharat pertain to the sky views observed sequentially between 3153 BCE and 3102 BCE. For arriving at these dates, following approach & methodology were adopted –

·      More than one lakh slokas contained in nine volumes of Mahabharat (Parimal Publications) were scrutinized and astronomical references were extracted sequentially. Only those which were found in Critical Edition as well were identified for sequential dating. All translations were redone with the help of Sanskrit scholars and referring to dictionaries as some of the traditional translations were found to be not fully correct.

·      Astronomical references from Sabha parva, VanaParva, UdyogParva, BhismaParva, ShalyaParva, Shanti Parva, and MausalParva have been dated sequentially by making use of Planetarium software (Fogware). The internal consistency of astronomical dates with the text of Mahabharta was ensured. Astronomical dates calculated by almost all the scholars during last 130 years were analysed with respect and genuine efforts were made to provide the missing links and to make the dating more comprehensive.

·      VanaParva of Mahabharat reveals that in Mahabharat days asterisms were being counted from Rohini as equinox was on that.  Astronomically there is precession of equinox by one degree in 72 years. Today Spring equinox is in 3rd quarter of PurvaBhadrapad Asterism; thus equinox has moved by more than 5.25 naksatras (Krttika, Bharani, Asvini, Revati, and Uttara Bhadrapada) since this reference in Mahabharata. This means that more than 5040 years (960 X 5.25) have passed. This took our research period for dating of Mahabharata references to 4000 BC – 3000 BC).

·      A more accurate translation of all the relevant slokas of chapters 2 and 3 of BhishmaParva, had enabled such accurate depiction of sequential sky views, which should be able to set at rest all controversies regarding the dating of Mahabharat war. Sky view of 19th December, 3139 BC, depicting Magh Shukla Saptami, a day before Bhishma’s demise and of September 14, 3139 BC, depicting all astronomical references of BhishmaParva observed six hours before solar eclipse of Kartik month are most exclusive, which do not get repeated on any other date; not even around 3067 BC, 1792 BC or 1472 BC.

Eleven sequential sky views covering a period of 52 years from 3153 BC to 3101 BC have been generated, using planetarium software (Fogware), which exactly match the descriptions in Mahabharat, are internally consistent and sequentially accurate. Evidences from archaeology, archaeobotany, palynology, oceanography, remote sensing and genetic studies have corroborated this date sequence of events recorded in Mahabharat. The kingdoms which supported Pandavas and Kauravas during Mahabharat war, have been plotted on the Map, which reveals that entire Greater India was involved in this war. This map also certifies the existence of Bharatvarsha as a Nation with defined boundaries for more than 5000 Years.

List of some important sequential sky views generated along with the dates on which these are recorded as observed at the time of important events narrated in Mahabharat is given below. The list contains dates of Planetarium and Stellarium Skyviews and relevant references of Mahabharat text. References are from ‘Mahabharat’ of Parimal Prakashan (2008 Edition) translated by M N Dutt, edited by Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma and Dr. O N Bimali; all these are also included in critical edition ‘The Mahabharat’ by Vishnu S. Sukthankar. The reasons for certain discrepancies like observation of Solar Eclipse during night time or difference of 26 days in Stellarium and Planetarium skyviews have been given below this list.

Dates of Planetarium and Stellarium depicting the same skyviews
Astronomical Reference in Mahabharat
Description of Event at the time of Sky view
Planetarium:
Nov. 18, 3153 BCE, 23:50 hrs. / Hastinapur (Meerut)

Stellarium:
Dec. 15, 3153 BCE, 01:42 hrs.
Mahabharat
Sabha Parva
2/80/29
Solar eclipse observed when Pandavas were
 leaving Hastinapur for 13 years of exile after losing in
the game of dice. War started after 14 years appx.
Planetarium:
Aug. 31, 3139 BCE, 11:10 hrs. / Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Sep. 27, 3139 BCE, 12:42 hrs./ Hastinapur
Bhishmaparva 6/2/23




Lunar eclipse on first Purnima of Kartik Month, followed by solar eclipse within 14 days; foreboding widespread destruction before war       
Planetarium:
Sep. 14, 3139 BCE
22:15 hrs. / Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Oct. 11, 3139 BCE,
01:50 hrs / Hastinapur
Bhishmaparva 6/2/23 & 6/3/28-32
Near Solar eclipse observed within 14 days of lunar eclipse in Kartik month. There was tithikshaya on 12th September as on 11th September phase difference between the positions of Sun and Moon becoming integral of multiple of 12 at the time of Sunrise on Ekadashi ie.e 11th September was 10.902 whereas on next day it was 12.08. Thus there was tithikshaya of dwadashi and next day was tryodashi. On next Amavasya of Margshisha month, Mahabharat war actually started.
Planetarium:
Sept. 14, 3139 BCE
18:20 hrs. / Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Oct. 10, 3139 BCE,
19:50 hrs / Hastinapur

Bhishmaparva. 6/3/14 -18

On 14th September, almost all the positions of stars and planets, described in chapter 3 of BhishmaParva, could be observed in the sky. Mars entering its own house Aries in Vakragati, Saturn in Scorpius is afflicting 10thconstellation Uttarphalguni in Leo.Venus in Virgo is aspectingPoorvaBhadrapad and Uttarbhadrapad in seventh constellation Pisces. Both Sun and Moon in Scorpious are afflicting Rohini in Taurus, Venus is between Chitra and Swati whereas Shrawan is going around Shrawan in Brahmrashi i.e. Capricornus.

Planetarium:
Sep. 25, 3139 BCE, 6:10 hrs. Dwarka

Stellarium:
Oct. 22. 3139 BCE, 00:30 hrs.
UdyogParva 5/83/6-7
Lord Krishna leaves for last peace mission in Kartika month, RevatiNakshtra. He leaves from Dwarka and takes about three days to reach Hastinapur.
Planetarium:
Oct. 3. 3139 BC, 6:10 hrs. /
Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Oct. 30, 3139 BC, 5:30 hrs
ShalyaParva 9/34/5-6,
After failure of Krishna’s peace mission, Balram leaves
for pilgrimage in PushyaNakshtra. 3-4 days later, Krishna tells Karna that war could begin on next Amavasya.
Oct. 13, 3139 BCE, 8:30 hrs. / Hastinapur

Stellarium:
Nov. 9, 3139 BCE, 6:15 hrs
UdyogParva
5/142/17-18
Shri Krishna imparts Gita-updesh to Arjun. This is Amavasya after 13 days of last Kartik Purnima, moon near Jyeshta, which is presided over by Lord Indra (Scorpius / vrishchika). War started after the failure of Sri Krishan’s last peace mission.
Nov. 14, 3139 BCE 06:50 hrs. / Kurukshetra

Stellarium:
Dec. 10, 3139 BCE, 06:15 hrs
ShalyaParva  9/34/5-7
With Shalya’s fall war came to an end on 31st October. Duryodhan went into hiding in Dvaipayana lake. Pandavas could locate him only after 12-13 days. Balram comes back after 42 days in ShravanaNakshatra. Duryodhana gets killed in Gadayuddha  with Bhim
Dec. 19, 3139 BCE
07:20 hrs. / Kurukshetra

Stellarium:
Jan 14, 3138 BCE, 15:00 hrs
AnushasanParva 13/167/26-28
Occurrence of Winter Solstice on Magh Shukla Saptmi. Next day on Magh Ashtami was Bhishma’s demise. This was 68th day after beginning of the war on 13thOct.
March 3, 3102 BCE 10:30 hrs. / Dwarka

Stellarium:
March 29, 3102 BCE 14:35 hrs.
Mausalaparva 16/2/18-19
Solar Eclipse on 13th tithi after Purnima  again in the 36th year of war indicating; annihilation of Yadavas and destruction of Dwarka, proving Gandhari’s curse true
Jan. 20, 3101 BC 9:15 hrs / New Delhi

Stellarium:
Feb. 15, 3101 BC 15:00 hrs
Sabha Parva 2/1//19-91;

Dasagitika/3
Spectacular assemblage of Sun, Moon & Five Planets around Aries when Kali era Began 37 years after the Mahabharat war

{[Note: Readers may ask a very pertinent question: why lunar eclipses are being shown during day time whereas solar eclipses are being depicted during night time when Sun is not even above the horizon. NASA has provided a very convincing answer to this question (https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEhelp/uncertainty2004.html). NASA Eclipse Skyguide has given chart of uncertainties in DeltaT i.e. ΔT, clearly stating that there are bound to be inaccuracies in depicting the timings and longitudes of eclipse paths which occurred prior to 1600 CE. Based on the chart prepared by Morrison and Stephenson, a series of parabolic expressions have been derived, estimating uncertainties of time or in the longitudes of eclipse paths which occurred during the interval 2000 BCE to 3000 CE.

Table 3 - Uncertainty of ΔT (estimated)
Year
σ
Longitude

(seconds)

-4000
16291
67.9°
-3500
12378
51.6°
-3000
8978
37.4°
-2500
6094
25.4°
-2000
3732
15.6°
-1500
1900
7.9°
-1000
622
2.6°

Thus an eclipse which occurred 4000 years back, the software could depict the same up to time difference of 16291 seconds i.e. 11: 31 hrs. Thus solar eclipses of Mahabharat times listed above, which software is depicting during night time, might have actually been observed during the day time and lunar eclipses listed above in daytime, might have been actually been observed during night time. DeltaT is the difference between Terrestrial Time and Universal Time (Rotational time), which have been adopted as fixed as per certain norms. However, actually the Universal time can vary on several occasions due to several factors like earthquakes, high tides, volcanic eruptions etc.

SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System has also recorded the observations that Moon displays oscillations from two unknown sources, one within a period between 250-300 years with a co-efficient of 15” to 20” and the other within a period between 60 to 70 years with a co-efficient of some 3”. These and many other factors, like the mean latitude of the Moon may not be zero, might lead to differences in observations of eclipses recorded thousands of years back and theoretical recordings based on fixed and pre-determined parameters. Therefore it is possible that Solar Eclipse on 14th September, 3139 BCE was actually observed at that time, but the software displays the Moon going from near the Sun.


It will not be out of place to mention that Stellarium displays all these skyviews 26 Days later (+/- one day). This difference is due to non adjustment of 1 day for 131 years for pre-Gregorian reform period (3425/131=26) by Planetarium software.]}